1565 (or later based on date of marriage to the Duc de Retz) Claude Catherine de Clermont, duchesse de Retz by ? (Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris France)

Claude Catherine was Lady-in-Waiting to Catherine de Medici and an intellectual star of Renaissance France. When her husband was away, she led troops to chase brigands from his lands. Her Wikipedia article is here.

Claude Catherine wears a coiffure in which a vee shaped wave of hair stands in front of an escoffion headdress. Her ruff emerges from her under-garment (chemise?). Her bodice covers the under-garment under a high vee neckline framed by a wide collar. A carcanet necklace is sandwiched between her under-garment and her bodice.

Keywords:  Countess, Duchess, French, Lady-in-Waiting, straight coiffure, escoffion, high neckline, chemise, neckline ruff, bodice, vee neckline, collar, full leg-o-mutton sleeves, carcanet necklace, necklace, earrings

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