1771 Mesdames les comtesses de Fitz-James et du Nolestin by Louis Carrogis (Musée Condé - Chantilly France)

Fitz-James sounds very Irish - it isn't any more. Fitz-James is an auxiliary title held by the Duchess of Alba.

The French pannier style resulted from the guardainfante style seen in Valezquez portraits migrating north over the Pyrenees when the Bourbon family ruled on both sides of the border.

Photo - René-Gabriel Ojéda; image doubled in size and sharpened by gogm.

This is "casual" dress for French Ladies. The coiffures tower above them, probably requiring them to keep the head upright when the trunk leans forward. The Lady to the right wears forward-back flared plain engageantes. Contemporary shoe design can be seen on the seated Lady. Their panniers are moderate compared to the giants seen at court and the British mantuas. Both Ladies wear robes à l'anglaises with bands of decoration and flounces at the bottoms.

Keywords:  1771, Carrogis, Ojéda, Countess, French, high straight coiffure, ribbon headdress, feathered headdress, vee neckline, fichu, epaulettes, collar, elbow length tight sleeves, forward-back flared engageantes, laced bodice, bows, vee waistline, panniers, over-skirt, ruching, flounces, shoes, robe à l'anglaise


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