For someone in the USA, “macaroni” are tubes made from durum wheat that turn soft, chewable, and edible when immersed in boiling water. Macaroni originated in Italy and it was not well known elsewhere in 1771. But young British aristocratic men encountered it on their grand tours of Europe. They sometimes sported outlandish hair wig curls and manners - and feathers - after returning to the UK. They had also eaten macaroni. The feathers were called macaronis and they were too. A British song derided a rube from the American colonies who thought he could be a macaroni just by puting a feather in his cap, forgetting that a real macaroni was of aristocratic background. He was named Yankee Doodle. The song was avidly adopted by American rebels, back when America stood for something more than the right of rich people to exploit the labors of those who are less fortunate.
Lady Elizabeth is shown in this unflattering satire wearing a feathered cap, à le macaroni.
From mikerendell.com/elizabeth-wrottesley-second-wife-of-the-third-duke-of-grafton/; spots removed with Photoshop. Also posted to Elizabeth Wrottesley’s new Subalbum here.