1859 Manuela Inocencia Serrano y Cerver, marquesa de Cerralbo by Ricardo Balaca (Museo Cerralbo - Madrid, Spain)

She married a prominent Carlist politician, Enrique de Aguilera y Gamboa, who was a noted archaeologist. Spain was rocked by two major Carlist wars in the 1800s, the last one lasting from 1872 to 1876 when he was politically active. The Carlists had the most support in Catalonia and the Basque region. This should cause concern in and outside of Spain, especially with the EU under threat of dissolving. A strong EU could conceivably allow sectional disputes to peacefully evolve under the EU economic and political umbrellas. With the US bowing out as a great power (and probably also bowing out of being an advanced "first-world” country and democracy), Catalans, Basques, Scotts, Welsh, and Walloons could use a strong EU military umbrella along with Spanish, English, Flemings, and other Europeans maintaining democratic rule.

According to Enrique de Aguilera y Gamboa’s English-language Wikipedia article, "In 1871, Enrique married the mother of his university colleague, Manuela Inocencia Serrano y Cerver from Valencia, thirty years his senior and widow of the military and senator Antonio del Valle y Angelín; she brought into the family the children from her previous marriage. Immediately afterwards, the couple travelled extensively and started construction of the family residence in Madrid. In 1893, the family moved into the freshly-completed building at calle Ventura Rodríguez, designed in eclectic style by renowned architects and from the outset intended to be also an art gallery, very much like the private pinacotecas seen across Europe. The building – usually referred to as a palace – served later also as a prestigious venue of social meetings, reported the day after by the Madrid press, and a location for political assemblies. The couple had no issue.” Her sketches in genealogical services are very sparse, for example her Geneanet sketch here.

From Wikimedia.

1859 Manuela Inocencia Serrano y Cerver, marquesa de Cerralbo by Ricardo Balaca (Museum Cerralbo - Madrid, Spain) Wm trimmed

Portraits showing late 1850s dresses are hard to find. This one shows a full dome crinoline and expansive sleeves similar to pagoda sleeves.

Keywords:  1859, Balaca, Manuela Inocencia Serrano y Cerver, marquesa de Cerralbo, Serrano y Cerver family, Aguilera y Gamboa family, Marquise, Spanish, straight coiffure, braided chignon, lace veil, earrings, jeweled crucifix, bodice, high neckline, lace collar, long flared sleeves, lace engageantes, bracelets, flounced crinoline, fan

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